Agriculture, Archeology, Cloud Forests, Deforestation, Ecological Restoration, Ecology, Environment, Farming, Forests, History, Rainforests, Ranching, Research, Restoration, Tropical Deforestation, Tropical Forests As we seek to reverse global trends of deforestation and forest degradation, researchers are peering into the past to help chart a course forward for imperiled tropical forests.A study published in Nature Ecology & Evolution earlier this month found that, prior to the arrival of European colonists, indigenous peoples in the cloud forests of Ecuador cleared even more of the forests than we have cleared today.By studying this history, researchers hope to aid in the restoration of the forests that have once again been degraded for human purposes. At 1,200 to 3,200 meters above sea level, the montane cloud forests on the eastern Andean flank in Ecuador lie between the Andes’ high-elevation grasslands (known as páramo) and the tropical rainforests of the Amazon Basin. They are incredibly biodiverse and densely populated with moisture-loving trees and plants that cling to the steep Andean slopes, but the more accessible areas have been cleared for agriculture and cattle ranching, while ongoing deforestation is making landslides and fires worse.Of course, Ecuador’s cloud forests are hardly unique in this respect: forests the world over are being destroyed to make way for agriculture and ranching operations. As we seek to reverse global trends of deforestation and forest degradation, researchers are peering into the past to help chart a course forward for imperiled tropical forests.A study published in Nature Ecology & Evolution earlier this month shows that tropical forests may be more resilient in the face of human pressures than previously thought. The study, led by Nicholas Loughlin of the UK’s Open University (OU), determined that indigenous peoples farmed the land intensively before European colonists arrived. In fact, “prior to European arrival, indigenous peoples in the cloud forests of Ecuador modified landscapes to a greater degree than modern human populations,” including clearing even more of the cloud forests than we have cleared today, Loughlin told Mongabay.These intensive cultivation practices came to an abrupt end in the late 1500s as a result of the violence perpetrated against the indigenous peoples inhabiting the cloud forests by Spanish colonists. But by studying that history, Loughlin hopes to aid in the restoration of the forests that have once again been degraded for human purposes.Steep slopes covered in cloud forest near the town of Baeza. Photo by Nicholas Loughlin.Loughlin led a team that studied the Quijos Valley, an area in the eastern Andes of northern Ecuador that was a key trade route between the Incan Empire and native Amazonian peoples. From atop a floating platform, the researchers cored a small lake called Lake Huila in order to extract sediment and examine the charcoal, pollen, pottery, and spores trapped that had accumulated in the lakebed. Through radiocarbon dating the sediment layers, the researchers were able to put together a narrative of human influence in the region covering the past 1,000 years.They found that the cloud forests returned to a “structural form equivalent to ‘pre-human’ forests” just 130 years after the land was abandoned, Loughlin said. That means that “the 19th century explorers who described a ‘pristine’ wilderness were observing a ‘shifted’ ecological baseline that was, in fact, influenced by hundreds of years of previously unseen human activity.”Loughlin added that it’s likely that all areas of tropical forest have at some point been directly altered by people in some way, but that “this is along a gradient of human impact from almost unidentifiable (slight increase in species useful to indigenous peoples) to obvious (intensive maize agriculture) — which we see at our site.”A growing body of research aims to determine just how much of a hand humans have had in shaping what we today consider to be untouched forest. For instance, another recent study, published in Nature Plants, found that ancient farmers had a much more profound impact on the Amazon rainforest than was previously thought, introducing new crops to some areas, planting more of their preferred edible tree species, and using fire to improve the nutrient content of soil.Dr. Yoshi Maezumi of the University of Exeter led the Nature Plants study, which also used lake sediments, as well as charcoal, pollen, and plant remains in soil at archaeological sites, to examine the history of human influence in eastern Brazil. Maezumi suggests that we might have a lot to learn from these pre-Columbian farming practices.Nicholas Loughlin and study co-author Encarni Montoya coring Lake Huila in order to extract sediments. Photo courtesy of Nicholas Loughlin.“People thousands of years ago developed a nutrient rich soil called Amazonian Dark Earths,” Maezumi said in a statement. “They farmed in a way which involved continuous enrichment and reusing of the soil, rather than expanding the amount of land they clear cut for farming. This was a much more sustainable way of farming.”While these ancient communities likely cleared some trees and weeds from the forest’s understory to accommodate their crops, they maintained a closed canopy forest, Maezumi added. “This is a very different use of the land to that of today, where large areas of land in the Amazon is cleared and planted for industrial scale grain, soya bean farming and cattle grazing. We hope modern conservationists can learn lessons from indigenous land use in the Amazon to inform management decisions about how to safeguard modern forests.”Such historical studies can also play an important role in efforts to restore forests that have already been cut down or degraded, Loughlin said: “Palaeoecology allows us to observe vegetation composition and structure over periods beyond that of observational studies and has the potential to offer restoration ecologists and land managers a range of options in regards to the ecosystem services that can be restored to human impact environments.”Loughlin is now preparing a paper that connects his findings summarized in Nature Ecology & Evolution to specific restoration practices.“Next we are looking to link the past to the future of the cloud forest,” Loughlin wrote in a blog post. “Can the re-establishment of the forest observed by 19th Century explorers be used as a restoration target despite its history of human influence? Can palaeoecology itself help inform restoration and conservation efforts in the biodiverse forests of Ecuador and in the future how will a forest inherently linked to cloud cover and rainfall respond to predictions of human driven climate change?”Antisana Volcano rising above the cloud forest. Photo by Nicholas Loughlin.CITATIONS• Loughlin, N. J., Gosling, W. D., Mothes, P., & Montoya, E. (2018). Ecological consequences of post-Columbian indigenous depopulation in the Andean–Amazonian corridor. Nature ecology & evolution, 1. doi:10.1038/s41559-018-0602-7• Maezumi, S. Y., Alves, D., Robinson, M., de Souza, J. G., Levis, C., Barnett, R. L., … & Iriarte, J. (2018). The legacy of 4,500 years of polyculture agroforestry in the eastern Amazon. Nature Plants, 1. doi:10.1038/s41477-018-0205-yFollow Mike Gaworecki on Twitter: @mikeg2001FEEDBACK: Use this form to send a message to the author of this post. If you want to post a public comment, you can do that at the bottom of the page. Article published by Mike Gaworecki Popular in the CommunitySponsoredSponsoredOrangutan found tortured and decapitated prompts Indonesia probeEMGIES17 Jan, 2018We will never know the full extent of what this poor Orangutan went through before he died, the same must be done to this evil perpetrator(s) they don’t deserve the air that they breathe this has truly upset me and I wonder for the future for these wonderful creatures. So called ‘Mankind’ has a lot to answer for we are the only ones ruining this world I prefer animals to humans any day of the week.What makes community ecotourism succeed? In Madagascar, location, location, locationScissors1dOther countries should also learn and try to incorporateWhy you should care about the current wave of mass extinctions (commentary)Processor1 DecAfter all, there is no infinite anything in the whole galaxy!Infinite stupidity, right here on earth.The wildlife trade threatens people and animals alike (commentary)Anchor3dUnfortunately I feel The Chinese have no compassion for any living animal. They are a cruel country that as we knowneatbeverything that moves and do not humanily kill these poor animals and insects. They have no health and safety on their markets and they then contract these diseases. Maybe its karma maybe they should look at the way they live and stop using animals for all there so called remedies. DisgustingConservationists welcome China’s wildlife trade banThobolo27 JanChina has consistently been the worlds worst, “ Face of Evil “ in regards our planets flora and fauna survival. In some ways, this is nature trying to fight back. This ban is great, but the rest of the world just cannot allow it to be temporary, because history has demonstrated that once this coronavirus passes, they will in all likelihood, simply revert to been the planets worst Ecco Terrorists. Let’s simply not allow this to happen! How and why they have been able to degrade this planets iconic species, rape the planets rivers, oceans and forests, with apparent impunity, is just mind boggling! Please no more.Probing rural poachers in Africa: Why do they poach?Carrot3dOne day I feel like animals will be more scarce, and I agree with one of my friends, they said that poaching will take over the world, but I also hope notUpset about Amazon fires last year? Focus on deforestation this year (commentary)Bullhorn4dLies and more leisSponsoredSponsoredCoke is again the biggest culprit behind plastic waste in the PhilippinesGrapes7 NovOnce again the article blames companies for the actions of individuals. It is individuals that buy these products, it is individuals that dispose of them improperly. If we want to change it, we have to change, not just create bad guys to blame.Brazilian response to Bolsonaro policies and Amazon fires growsCar4 SepThank you for this excellent report. I feel overwhelmed by the ecocidal intent of the Bolsonaro government in the name of ‘developing’ their ‘God-given’ resources.U.S. allocates first of $30M in grants for forest conservation in SumatraPlanet4dcarrot hella thick ;)Melting Arctic sea ice may be altering winds, weather at equator: studyleftylarry30 JanThe Arctic sea ice seems to be recovering this winter as per the last 10-12 years, good news.Malaysia has the world’s highest deforestation rate, reveals Google forest mapBone27 Sep, 2018Who you’re trying to fool with selective data revelation?You can’t hide the truth if you show historical deforestation for all countries, especially in Europe from 1800s to this day. WorldBank has a good wholesome data on this.Mass tree planting along India’s Cauvery River has scientists worriedSurendra Nekkanti23 JanHi Mongabay. Good effort trying to be objective in this article. I would like to give a constructive feedback which could help in clearing things up.1. It is mentioned that planting trees in village common lands will have negative affects socially and ecologically. There is no need to even have to agree or disagree with it, because, you also mentioned the fact that Cauvery Calling aims to plant trees only in the private lands of the farmers. So, plantation in the common lands doesn’t come into the picture.2.I don’t see that the ecologists are totally against this project, but just they they have some concerns, mainly in terms of what species of trees will be planted. And because there was no direct communication between the ecologists and Isha Foundation, it was not possible for them to address the concerns. As you seem to have spoken with an Isha spokesperson, if you could connect the concerned parties, it would be great, because I see that the ecologists are genuinely interested in making sure things are done the right way.May we all come together and make things happen.Rare Amazon bush dogs caught on camera in BoliviaCarrot1 Feba very good iniciative to be fallowed by the ranchers all overSponsored
SOUTH BAY: Weekend assistance and cleanup programs are part of a national effort to improve lives and the globe. By Andrea Woodhouse STAFF WRITER With thousands of Southern California residents left homeless, displaced and broken-hearted by raging brush fires, the call for compassion is loud this week. AD Quality Auto 360p 720p 1080p Top articles1/5READ MOREGame Center: Chargers at Kansas City Chiefs, Sunday, 10 a.m.And fittingly, Saturday, the 17th annual Make A Difference Day, provides the perfect opportunity for South Bay residents to show their softer side on a nationwide day of neighbors helping neighbors. “In all of this time when things are kind of tragic, it’s just nice to do something positive,” said Tracy Drake, manager and naturalist at Torrance’s Madrona Marsh. In a partnership with the national volunteer organization Points of Light Foundation, Make A Difference Day has been held every fourth Saturday of October since its creation by USA Weekend magazine in 1991. More than 3 million people across the country pitched in last year, and South Bay residents eager to lend a helping hand Saturday have a host of inspiration. Volunteers at Madrona Marsh will remove weeds and debris near the corner of Sepulveda Boulevard and Maple Avenue, as well as plant 300 types of native grasses and 20 native shrubs, Drake said. “It’s one of the busiest corners in Torrance,” she said. “It’ll be highly visible, and it’ll be pretty.” The Redondo Beach Elks Lodge will host an electronic waste round-up, giving South Bay residents a chance to take care of Earth. And the ladies of the American Legion Auxiliary Unit 314 of Hawthorne will again bring backpacks and school supplies to the children of homeless veterans and clients of a local drug rehabilitation center. Even after 10 years of Make A Difference Day participation, giving back to the community never gets old, said Trish Ladre, the unit’s president. “You betcha,” she said. “It’s very rewarding to do anything for the veterans or their families or people who can’t get on their feet or are trying to and need a little leg up. That’s what we’re here for.” firstname.lastname@example.orgWant local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set!
Pisano said the Southern California region expects to get 2.2 million more people over the next 25 years, with the greatest demand for air traffic coming from the eastern end of Los Angeles County and neighboring jurisdiction. Ontario Airport is the more developed facility in the region, and the city has committed to expansion of its operation. Palmdale has proved more problematic, both in attracting airline services and passengers. Also, rather than create a new regional airport authority that would bring all local airports under one jurisdiction, Pisano recommended the city instead seek to negotiate agreements with other airports to come up with common solutions. Airport Commissioners Fernando Torres Gil and Valeria Velasco pressed Pisano on how the regionalized approach could help reduce street traffic. “If we take a coordinated approach, we think we can have a real impact,” Pisano said. “If we start working together on this as a demonstration project, we can serve as a model for the region to be successful on how different groups can work together.” Commissioner Sylvia Patsaouras said she wanted to make sure the airport staff worked with SCAG. “We want to make sure we are involved at the start to deal with these issues,” Patsaouras said. Pisano said the next step would be looking at the costs involved and how projects could be funded. Rick Orlov, (213) 978-0390 email@example.com 160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set! Los Angeles needs to take immediate steps to encourage greater use of Ontario International Airport to ease public demand for air travel at LAX, regional planning officials said Monday. Mark Pisano of the Southern California Association of Governments said his group believes Ontario could draw up to 30 million passengers a year to relieve some of the pressure on Los Angeles International Airport and help its operators abide by the terms of a lawsuit settlement. “The time to act is now if we are to avoid adding to problems (at LAX) and promote decentralization of airline service,” Pisano said. He added that increasing demand at Palmdale Regional Airport, also owned by the city of Los Angeles, could take longer to resolve. AD Quality Auto 360p 720p 1080p Top articles1/5READ MORESanta Anita opens winter meet Saturday with loaded card While the long-term solution is developing a speedy mass-transit system to Ontario and Palmdale, some steps could be taken now to encourage greater use of the facilities, Pisano said. This would include expanding the number of FlyAway terminals – LAX officials have said they want to open eight more shuttle terminals over the next few years – and to create car-pool lanes along freeway routes to airports. “These HOV lanes are not the final solution, but it will help over the next 10 years or so to get people out of cars and to the airports,” Pisano said. Los Angeles World Airport officials said they want to study the SCAG proposals as part of their commitment to reduce reliance on LAX and to meet the terms of its lawsuit allowing work to proceed on a $4 billion modernization plan. Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa also has said he wants to see Los Angeles regionalize its air traffic to spread the burden – as well as the economic opportunities – to other areas.
Witnesses were able to provide police with a description of the vehicle and a direction of travel. A short time later police spotted the vehicle stopped at Patrick Robbins Way and State Road 37.Evan Schaffer, 22, Orleans, was arrested and is currently being held in the Lawrence County Jail on the charge of murder.The injured man, Justin Lampkins, was taken to IU Health Hospital where he later died from his injuries.The investigation is ongoing and further information will be released at a later time.According to social media posts, Lampkins was 4th person in line at the McDonald’s drive through.The post noted the person in the first car ordered and then moved around, but the person in the second car, Schaffer, didn’t move so the driver in the third car honked their horn.Schaffer allegedly got out of his car, went back to the driver in the car behind him and asked it he was the one that honked his horn. That driver said no, so he went to the next vehicle, Lampkins’ truck.“Justin already had his window down and was with his girlfriend and a buddy,” Lampkins’ sister wrote on Facebook. “The guy (Schaffer) reached in Justin’s truck and grabbed him and punched him. Justin got out to go after the guy (Schaffer) and the guy (Schaffer) turned around a shot Justin dead in the chest. The guy (Schaffer) ran and Justin’s girlfriend and his buddy told the cops what he looked like and what car he was in and they (Bedford Police) caught him he’s in jail for murder charges.” An Orleans man is facing a charge of murder after an early Sunday morning shooting at the McDonald’s restaurant in Bedford.Around 1:19 a.m. Sunday, Bedford Police officers responded to the parking lot after a report of a physical fight. But before they arrived, they were notified one male had been shot and the shooter had fled the scene.Evan Schaffer, 22, OrleansJustin Lampkins
12 October 2007South African petrochemicals giant Sasol announced this week that it has sold a 20% stake in its mining subsidiary, valued at almost R1.9-billion, to a newly established company owned and run by two local women empowerment groups.The transaction will see Ixia Coal, a joint venture by Women Investment Portfolio Holdings (Wiphold) and Mining Women Investments, acquire 20% of Sasol Mining through the issue of new shares.Sasol said in a statement that the current transaction was the second phase of Sasol Mining’s broad-based black economic empowerment (BEE) strategy, which will result in 26% of Sasol Mining (calculated on attributable units of production) being owned by previously disadvantaged groups.According to the company, this enables Sasol Mining to achieve compliance with the Mining Charter’s ownership requirements well ahead of the 2014 deadline.Sasol executive director Benny Mokaba said the transaction not only achieves compliance with the Mining Charter, but also promotes the role of women in the mining industry.“We want to create lasting empowerment by providing opportunities for our country’s women to enter and benefit from the traditionally male-dominated mining industry,” Mokaba said. “Our focus will be on developing relevant skills and building capacity among historically disadvantaged women.“Our intention is to create a lasting legacy through skills development and capacity building in support of government’s socio-economic objectives.”While initially being only an investor, Ixia Coal will eventually, with technical assistance and skills transfers from Sasol Mining, develop operational capacity enabling the company to operate its own coal mines.“With sound business acumen and a strong empowerment track record, Wiphold will help us build Ixia Coal into a new, sustainable women’s empowerment company that over time will become involved in operating coal mines,” Sasol Mining managing director Hermann Wenhold said.Wiphold, founded in 1994, is an investment and operating company owned and managed by black women, with interests in a range of industries. It is represented countrywide and has 1 200 direct women beneficiaries and, through non-governmental organisation shareholders, an estimated 200 000 women as indirect shareholders.Mining Women Investments, the new entrant, comprises thousands of rural black women who have not previously been beneficiaries of empowerment programmes. The group was created by Wiphold following a series of workshops held with women in the Free State, Mumalanga and Limpopo provinces, where Sasol Mining has operations and coal reserves.Sasol Mining can further benefit if shareholders approve the 10% BEE transaction proposed by its parent, Sasol Limited. Upon approval, that transaction will be implemented in 2008 and will take Sasol Mining beyond compliance with the Mining Charter’s ownership requirements.“The transaction has been concluded at fair value,” Sasol chief financial officer Christine Ramon said. “The facilitation cost to Sasol is anticipated to be commensurate with other BEE deals in the mining sector in South Africa and will only be finalised once third party funding arrangements are in place.”SAinfo reporter Want to use this article in your publication or on your website?See: Using SAinfo material
Nedbank boasts the first-ever bank branch in Africa that entirely runs on renewable energy. Nedbank Western Cape regional manager, Pedro Rhode, said the new eco-friendly branch is a lesson in sustainability for the bank.(Images: Janine Erasmus)MEDIA CONTACTS • Mpho Sebelebele Nedbank communications team+27 11 294 4274+27 82 528 3432Janine ErasmusThe sleepy Cape Flats suburb of Lansdowne now boasts an African first – a bank branch entirely off the power grid. The new-look Nedbank branch, in Lansdowne Corner shopping centre, opened at the end of October and, said the banking group’s Western Cape regional manager Pedro Rhode, is an important lesson in greening and sustainability for the bank.“We are extremely proud that this is the first off-the-grid branch in Africa,” he said. “Two years ago we achieved a 30% saving; now we’ve taken it to 100%.”In 2011 the Nedbank branch in the small community of Du Noon in Milnerton, Cape Town, opened with one wind turbine supplying 30% of its power. The Lansdowne branch is powered by a hybrid system of three small turbines and an array of solar panels, making it entirely self-sufficient, although it can draw Eskom power in an emergency.In the months since it opened, Du Noon has prevented the release of 6.8 tons of greenhouse gas into the atmosphere, and the burning of almost seven tons of coal. The Lansdowne branch will top that – it’s expected to offset the country’s carbon dioxide emissions by 71 tons a year.There are no plans to convert Du Noon to complete dependence on renewable energy yet. The branch’s turbine was installed for a different reason – to lessen the disruptive effect of power outages in the area.But the Nedbank team hopes the Lansdowne model will serve as inspiration for other businesses around the country, especially in rural areas where access to power is erratic or nonexistent. Decreasing dependence on coalThe hybrid system is so efficient it will sometimes generate excess power, which will be either diverted to the shopping centre for parking lot lighting and security systems, or pumped into the power grid.The system is fitted with a two-way meter that monitors power coming in and going out, instead of a single meter measuring consumption. Since the system went live, Eskom power intake has been measured at exactly 0kWh. It is capable of supplying the branch’s entire annual requirement of 70 000kWh – power enough to sustain six middle-income homes.“We can’t carry on consuming coal,” said Nedbank’s Ciko Thomas, the managing executive for consumer banking. He added that South Africa has to change the “bad reputation” it has from its dependence on coal, and that a greater focus on renewable energy is the solution.“Nedbank is taking responsibility for its energy consumption, and although we are notching up a few firsts in these areas, it’s not so much about the firsts themselves, but rather about being a leader in sustainability.” Using natural energyThe turbines are manufactured by Kestrel Renewable Energy, located in Port Elizabeth.“They’re entirely locally produced,” said James Carpy, technical director at Kestrel.The original plan was for the system to have larger turbines and fewer solar panels. Logistic problems, such as having to install power cables running through the car park, prompted a rethink: there are now three small turbines and a bank of 168 solar panels.The turbines – model E160I, the smallest produced at the Port Elizabeth plant – each produce 600W of power, so 1 800W comes from wind. The solar panels produce 245W of power each, meaning that the total generating capacity of the hybrid system is around 42kW.“The wind is relatively consistent throughout the year, with a peak in July,” said Carpy. “It complements the solar perfectly, as this drops off during the winter months, so this is a very good site for a hybrid system.”There were some problems – ideally a solar system should face due north, to expose it to the maximum amount of sunshine during the day. The roof of the Lansdowne shopping centre is 10 degrees off due north, so in the morning the collection is a little less than ideal, but, said Carpy, in the afternoon the panels collect a little more energy so it evens out.The roof itself was a challenge. It was initially unable to support the weight of all the panels, so specialist structural engineers were brought in to give advice and design extra holding strength.Another snag came from street lights next to the centre, which cast a shadow over a few of the panels.“Because solar panels work in series,” said Carpy, “if a shadow is cast over even one of the panels you lose the whole bank, so the frame had to be moved back a bit.”The installation was planned to take eight to 10 weeks, but because of the unexpected delay with the roof, it took about four months altogether. The total investment into the system was R1.8-million, with an operational cost outlay of about R200 000. This should be recouped within two years, as the annual saving amounts to R121 000. The wind components of the system are designed to last for at least 20 years, and the solar components for 25 years.The launch of the Lansdowne Corner renewable energy system was accompanied by two community sustainability outreach projects involving Belmore Primary and York Primary schools in the surrounding area. They were given vegetable tunnels and rainwater harvesting tanks, as well as sustainability workshops, allowing them to grow their own food.
Holiday weekends are notorious for presenting increased shoplifting risks for retailers as shoppers flood the stores looking for bargains and those must-find holiday gifts. Opportunities presented by the confusion and distractions of a crowded store coupled with the desire to fulfill holiday shopping lists on tight budgets are a tempting combination that lead many to make poor decisions. Retail loss prevention teams across the country have come to expect the annual challenges of increased shoplifting incidents that commonly occur during this busy season.However, there are other potential risks that we must prepare for during the holidays as well. According to FreightWatch International, the risk of cargo theft incidents is much higher during the holiday season, and the upcoming Thanksgiving weekend should demand additional supply chain security measures for retailers looking to protect their precious holiday merchandise.“Organized cargo theft rings are always active and recognize that holiday weekends can lead to shipments being unattended for prolonged periods of time,” the firm noted.- Sponsor – Since 2010, the transportation industry has experienced over three cargo theft incidents per day during the Thanksgiving holiday weekend, an increase of 27% over the annual average of 2.4 thefts per non-holiday day during that time period, according to the report. During this elevated threat period, the theft of electronic products, clothing and shoes typically increase as cargo theft targets, and Home & Garden products supplant Food & Drinks as the products most stolen as part of cargo theft incidents over the holidays.The logistics security services provider added that there were 12 reported supply chain theft incidents during the 2014 Thanksgiving weekend totaling over $930,000 in reported losses, including two “fictitious pickups” in California, which is one of the latest tactics being deployed by thieves to steal freight.Other notable supply chain thefts recorded in recent years during the Thanksgiving holiday include:• 2014 – A cargo theft involving $560,000 in cosmetics in North Carolina • 2013 – A distribution facility theft of $648,000 of alcohol in the state of Washington • 2013 – A cargo theft involving $250,000 worth of Seafood in New Jersey; • 2012 – A cargo theft involving $540,000 worth of Copper in Illinois; • 2012 – A cargo theft involving $200,000 in electronics in California.FreightWatch International recommends that logistics and loss prevention professionals ensure that all appropriate security protocols are up to date, and industry best practices are followed for in-transit and warehouse operations. Both of these will be heavily targeted over the weekend via traditional and non-traditional cargo theft methods. Every retailer should also be aware of the potential risks at store locations as well; whether trailers are transported and maintained at loading dock areas or storage cartons are located on the premises. Stay UpdatedGet critical information for loss prevention professionals, security and retail management delivered right to your inbox. Sign up now
Designing Voice ExperiencesYou are here: Related postsInclusive Components: Book Reviews And Accessibility Resources13th December 2019Should Your Portfolio Site Be A PWA?12th December 2019Building A CSS Layout: Live Stream With Rachel Andrew10th December 2019Struggling To Get A Handle On Traffic Surges10th December 2019How To Design Profitable Sales Funnels On Mobile6th December 2019How To Build A Real-Time Multiplayer Virtual Reality Game (Part 2)5th December 2019 Voice-based interfaces are becoming commonplace. Voice assistants such as Siri and Cortana have been around for a few years, but this past holiday season, voice-driven devices from Amazon and Google made their way into millions of homes.Recent analysis from VoiceLabs estimates that 24.5 million voice-driven devices will be shipped this year, almost four times as many as last year. As experience designers, we now have the opportunity to design voice experiences and interfaces!The post Designing Voice Experiences appeared first on Smashing Magazine.From our sponsors: Designing Voice Experiences HomeWeb DesignDesigning Voice Experiences Posted on 3rd May 2017Web Design FacebookshareTwittertweetGoogle+share
The 2010 request for the Environmental Protection Agency is $10.5 billion, a whopping 38% increase over last year’s budget. Most of that increase would go toward improving waste-water treatment facilities, enforcement of regulations, and other activities, but science and technology would also get a 6.6% budget boost. The Environmental Protection Agency’s science and technology account would rise by $52 million to $842 million. The biggest winner, in terms of absolute increases, is air toxics and quality, for which the administration is requesting a $17 million (16.3%) increase. Close behind is human health and ecosystems, which would get $16 million (7%) more than FY 2009. Also a getting large increase is the National Vehicle and Fuel Emissions Laboratory. It would receive $15 million (20.3%) more to improve its testing capabilities. Work on hydraulic hybrid and clean engines would get $2.2 million more, or a 12.3% increase. Sign up for our daily newsletterGet more great content like this delivered right to you!Country *AfghanistanAland IslandsAlbaniaAlgeriaAndorraAngolaAnguillaAntarcticaAntigua and BarbudaArgentinaArmeniaArubaAustraliaAustriaAzerbaijanBahamasBahrainBangladeshBarbadosBelarusBelgiumBelizeBeninBermudaBhutanBolivia, Plurinational State ofBonaire, Sint Eustatius and SabaBosnia and HerzegovinaBotswanaBouvet IslandBrazilBritish Indian Ocean TerritoryBrunei DarussalamBulgariaBurkina FasoBurundiCambodiaCameroonCanadaCape VerdeCayman IslandsCentral African RepublicChadChileChinaChristmas IslandCocos (Keeling) IslandsColombiaComorosCongoCongo, The Democratic Republic of theCook IslandsCosta RicaCote D’IvoireCroatiaCubaCuraçaoCyprusCzech RepublicDenmarkDjiboutiDominicaDominican RepublicEcuadorEgyptEl SalvadorEquatorial GuineaEritreaEstoniaEthiopiaFalkland Islands (Malvinas)Faroe IslandsFijiFinlandFranceFrench GuianaFrench PolynesiaFrench Southern TerritoriesGabonGambiaGeorgiaGermanyGhanaGibraltarGreeceGreenlandGrenadaGuadeloupeGuatemalaGuernseyGuineaGuinea-BissauGuyanaHaitiHeard Island and Mcdonald IslandsHoly See (Vatican City State)HondurasHong KongHungaryIcelandIndiaIndonesiaIran, Islamic Republic ofIraqIrelandIsle of ManIsraelItalyJamaicaJapanJerseyJordanKazakhstanKenyaKiribatiKorea, Democratic People’s Republic ofKorea, Republic ofKuwaitKyrgyzstanLao People’s Democratic RepublicLatviaLebanonLesothoLiberiaLibyan Arab JamahiriyaLiechtensteinLithuaniaLuxembourgMacaoMacedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic ofMadagascarMalawiMalaysiaMaldivesMaliMaltaMartiniqueMauritaniaMauritiusMayotteMexicoMoldova, Republic ofMonacoMongoliaMontenegroMontserratMoroccoMozambiqueMyanmarNamibiaNauruNepalNetherlandsNew CaledoniaNew ZealandNicaraguaNigerNigeriaNiueNorfolk IslandNorwayOmanPakistanPalestinianPanamaPapua New GuineaParaguayPeruPhilippinesPitcairnPolandPortugalQatarReunionRomaniaRussian FederationRWANDASaint Barthélemy Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da CunhaSaint Kitts and NevisSaint LuciaSaint Martin (French part)Saint Pierre and MiquelonSaint Vincent and the GrenadinesSamoaSan MarinoSao Tome and PrincipeSaudi ArabiaSenegalSerbiaSeychellesSierra LeoneSingaporeSint Maarten (Dutch part)SlovakiaSloveniaSolomon IslandsSomaliaSouth AfricaSouth Georgia and the South Sandwich IslandsSouth SudanSpainSri LankaSudanSurinameSvalbard and Jan MayenSwazilandSwedenSwitzerlandSyrian Arab RepublicTaiwanTajikistanTanzania, United Republic ofThailandTimor-LesteTogoTokelauTongaTrinidad and TobagoTunisiaTurkeyTurkmenistanTurks and Caicos IslandsTuvaluUgandaUkraineUnited Arab EmiratesUnited KingdomUnited StatesUruguayUzbekistanVanuatuVenezuela, Bolivarian Republic ofVietnamVirgin Islands, BritishWallis and FutunaWestern SaharaYemenZambiaZimbabweI also wish to receive emails from AAAS/Science and Science advertisers, including information on products, services and special offers which may include but are not limited to news, careers information & upcoming events.Required fields are included by an asterisk(*)A widely used database of chemical safety, the Integrated Risk Information System (IRIS), would get the bulk of a 14.7% increase to the Human Health Risk Assessment program. That would add 10 staff members to speed up delays in adding new toxicology data to IRIS. The computational toxicology program would see a nearly 30% boost, to $19.6 million, to beef up modeling efforts of hazard assessments and speed up the development of a virtual embryo, liver, and cardiopulmonary system.
In the 1970s, the first spacecraft to Mercury surprised scientists by discovering that the small world sports a global magnetic field, something Venus and Mars both lack. Now, as planetary scientists report online today in Science, the second spacecraft to Mercury has found that this magnetic field formed billions of years ago. NASA deliberately crashed the MESSENGER spacecraft into the planet last week; during its final year of life, the craft repeatedly skirted close to the surface, detecting magnetized terrain, such as over the volcanic plains shown in blue here (blue denotes low elevations and red, high elevations). This magnetized terrain dates back at least 3.7 billion to 3.9 billion years, so the researchers deduce that ancient Mercury had a dynamo in which electrically conducting fluids inside its iron-rich core generated the field. Earth’s magnetic field shields us from the solar wind, but with a daytime temperature hot enough to melt lead and a night cold enough to freeze carbon dioxide gas, Mercury probably isn’t hosting any creatures that need such protection.